Initially hailing from Scotland, George Gracie made is means across the ocean to Brazil 1801 looking for fortune and journey. Little did he know, he can be the ancestor to one of the crucial influential families in combat sports. The Gracie household not only revolutionised martial arts but introduced in a brand new age of combat sports activities which would go on to be one of many largest promotions on the earth.
On this article, we go back in time to take a look at the household that began it all and dissect the Gracie family tree.
- 1 First Era Gracie
- 2 Second Era Gracie
- 2.1 Carlson Gracie
- 2.2 Robson Gracie
- 2.3 Reyson Gracie
- 2.4 Reylson Gracie
- 2.5 Rolls Gracie
- 2.6 Carley Gracie
- 2.7 Carlos Gracie Jr.
- 2.8 Crolin Gracie
- 2.9 Rilion Gracie
- 2.10 Rorion Gracie
- 2.11 Relson Gracie
- 2.12 Rickson Gracie
- 2.13 Rolker Gracie
- 2.14 Royler Gracie
- 2.15 Royce Gracie
- 2.16 Other Second Era Gracie Family Members
- 3 Third Era Gracie
First Era Gracie
The unique founding father of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Carlos Gracie was the first of the family to be taught judo by the good Mitsuyo Maeda. Carlos was the primary of the Gracie family born to Gastão Gracie, who was a 3rd era Scotsman.
Carlos would ultimately go on to open the primary Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Academy and was the first Gracie member of the family to start out the “Gracie Challenge” where he would invite different martial artists to compete with him, which might permit him to refine the artwork of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.
Carlos would go on to have 21 youngsters and they might go on to teach the legacy different their father to grow Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu into the martial art it’s at this time.
Oswaldo Gracie was one of the founding members of the primary Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Academy in 1925 together with his brother Carlos. Oswaldo was one of the first Gracie brothers to take part in several Brazilian no-holds-barred competitions which would turn into to be generally known as Vale Tudo.
Oswaldo would go on to help develop Luta Livre Esportiva and other types of Brazilian types of grappling and catch wrestling.
Oswaldo’s last Vale Tudo battle was towards Simon Munich in 1936, a struggle which would end in a draw. He would then turn out to be an in depth combat instructor for the police division, a job he stored till retirement.
Gastão Gracie Jr.
The third son of Gastao Gracie Sr. Gastao Gracie Filho was also an integral part of the event of the Brazilian Martial artwork. Taught by his older brother Carlos, Gastao would go on to assist train at his brother’s Jiu-Jitsu Academy.
Gastao was a man with robust religious beliefs who believed he might learn individuals’s auras and heal individuals with hypnosis. He was also one of the least competitive amongst the Gracie family, which made him a favorite teacher by most of the students.
As the second youngest son, born in 1911, George Gracie had a fame for being a scorching head and for moving into hassle. He was given the nickname ‘Gato Ruvio’ which meant ‘Red Cat’. A name which was chosen because of tenacity when preventing and because of his hair.
George was probably the most aggressive Gracie member of the family, commonly competing in Vale Tudo competitions. George Gracie would go on to have one of the best unbeaten document within the household’s historical past at the time.
George’s obsession for train and weight-reduction plan would ultimately see him work together with his older brother Carlos to help develop the Gracie eating regimen.
As the youngest and tallest son of Gastao Gracie, Helio would ultimately go on to develop into one of the biggest in the Gracie household. Helio was the first member of the household to utilise the thought of leverage and physique mechanics, which would make the game what it is as we speak.
Helio Gracie was recognized for competing in numerous Gracie challenges and Vale Tudo fights and would typically come out victorious towards his opponents. Helio had tailored the sport of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu to help him counter fighters who can be considerably greater than him
In 1997, Helio was named ‘man of the year’ by American martial arts publication Black Belt magazine, and his son Rorion Gracie says that he was one of the first sports heroes of Brazilian history.
Other Gracie Family Members
Second Era Gracie
Initially born Eduaro Gracie, Carlson would have his identify modified by his father Carlos Gracie throughout his early years as a result of Carlos believing that the letter C (and later R) can be a letter of power.
Carlson Gracie would go on to turn out to be a legendary Jiu-Jitsu practitioner, he legacy started at simply the age of 5, where he would compete at Campeonato Aberto de Jiu-Jitsu e Luta Livre, an open event between Jiu-Jitsu and Submission Wrestling.
Carlson then went on to compete at Vale Tudo through the 50s and 60s, where he would reign supreme during his skilled preventing profession.
Nevertheless Carlson was one of many first Gracie relations to splinter the household identify, after an ongoing feud together with his uncle Helio, Carlson would go on to open his personal Jiu-Jitsu academies referred to as Carlson Gracie Jiu-Jitsu. Today you’ll be able to see Carlson Gracie Jiu-Jitsu gyms all all over the world, in all the key cities.
Also called Carlos Robson Gracie, Robson is the second son of Carlos Gracie. Robson is a 9th diploma Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu purple belt who was additionally an instructor on the unique Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Academy through the 1950s.
Like lots of his brothers, Robson would go on to compete in Vale Tudo, with quite a few wins underneath his belt. Robson would also go on to grow to be the bodyguard of Leonel Brizola who was the brother in regulation of João Goulart, president of Brazil at the time.
Robson would go on to father a number of the biggest names in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu similar to Ralph, Renzo, and Ryan Gracie, and he is the present president of the Jiu-Jitsu Federation of Rio de Janeiro (FJJERJ).
Because the third son of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu founder Carlos Gracie, Reyson Gracie turned a 9th-degree purple belt within the martial art.
Reyson is extensively considered the originator of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu in the state of Amazonas, which can also be famous for the Ribeiro brothers, Saulo and Xande. The Amazonas state is extensively thought-about as probably the most essential cells of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu on the planet.
Reyson also had an enormous influence on the expansion of Jiu-Jitsu in the state of Bahia.
Reylson Gracie, fourth son of Carlos Gracie, is extensively thought-about to be one of the crucial respected figures within the martial artwork. Reylson was at the forefront of the expansion of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu in the USA, the place he spearheaded it’s progress and consciousness of the art.
Reylson can also be thought-about to be essential in creating the language of the Jiu-Jitsu, he’s recognized to have created names for several methods and one of the first within the Gracie family to supply and introduce colours to the BJJ gi. Reylson can also be the father to Rodrigo Gracie, a well-liked MMA and BJJ practitioner.
Extensively considered one of the crucial essential members of the Gracie family with their affect of the sport, Rolls Gracie was the family’s champion through the 1970s.
Rolls is considered by many to be the father of recent Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, because of his ideas and opinions on cross coaching in several grappling arts.
You possibly can see Rolls’ influences by way of his other relations corresponding to Rickson Gracie, Royce Gracie and lots of others. Sadly Rolls’ tragic dying happened on 6th June 1983, because of a paragliding accident. “There is an era before and another one after Rolls,” exclaimed his cousin Royler Gracie.
Also known as “The Lion of the Gracie Family”, Carley Gracie is the 11th baby over Carlos Gracie, and 9th-degree pink belt. Carley was the first Gracie family member to convey the game of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu to america in 1972. Carley is understood to have a critical feud together with his uncle Helio Gracie, which truly ended up in a fist battle.
Carley was enlisted within the army, which resulted in him shifting to the USA, the place he taught Jiu-Jitsu in states akin to Maryland, Connecticut, and Flordia, earlier than finally settling in California in 1979.
Carley Gracie is the daddy of one of the famous trendy Gracie, Glark Gracie and his brother Ralston.
Carlos Gracie Jr.
Born 17th January 1956, Carlos Gracie Junior is an 8th-degree pink and white belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Extensively considered top-of-the-line coaches in BJJ historical past Carlos Gracie Jr. followed his brother Rolls’ example by way of cross-training. Carlos taught quite a few world champions including Hall-of-fame champions Kyra Gracie and Roleta Gracie.
In 1994 Carlos Gracie Jr would go on to founder the Confederação Brasileira de Jiu-Jitsu (CBJJ), which would evolve into as we speak’s organisation the Worldwide Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation (IBJJF). He would also go on to be instrumental within the founding of the well-known Gracie Barra group, probably the most well-known and revered Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu groups on the earth.
Revered by many because the successor to Rolls Gracie as the family champion within the 1970s, Crolin is a Seventh-degree coral belt and the son of Carlos Gracie.
Although he was thought-about an unimaginable Gracie fighter, an underlying health situation would see him never reach the good heights of his brother Rolls. Following that Crolin would assist found the unique Gracie Barra Academy in addition to open up a health club within the Florianópolis area of Brazil.
Crolin would have a heavy influence with rivals akin to Carlos Machado, Rilion Gracie, Alexandre de Souza and Pablo Popovitch.
Rilion Gracie is the 20th son of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu founder Carlos Gracie and the subsequently the youngest. Rilion was a huge advocator of the guard in BJJ, and that is where he developed his strongest set of expertise. Rickson Gracie would go on to say that he was “the best guard player of the Gracie family”.
Rilion had a huge affect within the south of Brazil, where he would train at the Gracie Tijuca Academy, a fitness center which might famously be recognized for having a considerable amount of expertise coming out of it.
Rilion Gracie is understood to assist develop quite a few world champions. Roger Gracie credits his time with Rilion as one of the principal causes for his success.
Born 10th January 1952, Rorion Gracie is a 9th-degree purple belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and the eldest son of the late Helio Gracie.
In 1987, Rorion was one of the first Gracie relations to convey Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu to the silver display, the place he was the technical advisor in the movie franchise Deadly Weapon, the place he would choreograph BJJ into a number of battle scenes.
In 1993, impressed by vale tudo and the unique Gracie Problem matches, Rorion Gracie would workforce up with promoter and business government Arte Davie to create the Final Preventing Championship, or UFC as it’s extra generally generally known as.
Rorion Gracie would additionally go on to develop and write a e-book on ‘The Gracie Diet’.
Second eldest certainly one of Grand Grasp Helio Gracie, Relson Gracie is a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu purple belt and the pioneer of the game in Hawaii. Relson can be the primary to determine a Gracie Jiu-Jitsu academy on the island.
Relson can be given the nickname “Campeão”, which meant ‘Champion’ in Portuguese. This identify was earned by way of the surfing group in Rio De Janeiro, who respected his activities in Jiu-Jitsu.
Born on 20th November 1958, Rickson Gracie is one in every of 9 sons of the late Grandmaster Helio Gracie.
Rickson is extensively regarded by many within the Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu hemisphere as the greatest BJJ practitioner of all time. This is been talked about by numerous athletes together with Ricardo Arona, Paulo Filho and UFC legend and BJJ black belt Demian Maia.
Rickson made his identify in Japan after competing in a number of Vale-Tudo competitions through the 1980s and 1990s. Rickson would help make the sport what it’s right now and would later develop into an icon in the MMA group via his highly-praised documentary ‘Choke’.
Rolker Gracie is among the principal figureheads inside the Gracie Humaitá staff and is the 4th son of Helio Gracie.
After his brother Rickson would go away Brazil for America, Rolker and his brother Royler Gracie would take the lead inside the Gracie Humaitá workforce and would shape it to the world championship-winning organisation you see at present.
Referred to as the ‘King of the BJJ Featherweight Division” Royler Gracie was the primary featherweight to win four world championship titles.
Nowadays Royler is well known for operating the BJJ workforce Gracie Humaitá in Rio de Janeiro together with his brother Rolker Gracie. Right here he would go on to teach different world champions corresponding to ‘Megaton’ Dias, Xande Ribeiro, Omar Salum, Renato Barreto and quite a few others.
In 2010, Royler moved to California, where he would set up the headquarters of the staff.
Royce Gracie is the legendary MMA fighter of the family and is most notably the sport’s largest historical figure. Featuring in the very early days of the UFC, Royce would use his Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu expertise to overpower and submit opponents much larger than he was. Making MMA and Jiu-Jitsu the sports they’re at the moment.
In 2003, Royce was inducted in the UFC Corridor of Fame for his contribution to the expansion of the sport.
Other Second Era Gracie Family Members
Rose Clair Gracie
Sonja Gracie Gronning
Oneica Gracie Rodrigues
Reyla Gracie (Mom of Roger Gracie)
Third Era Gracie
Carlson Gracie Jr.
A Fifth diploma black belt in BJJ, Carlson Gracie Jr. is the eldest son of Carlson Gracie. Like most of the Gracie relations, his introduction into the game started when he was only a toddler. Where the sport was slowly introduced to him by way of playful games until he was older the grasp the thought of methods.
He’s the top coach and representative of the Carlson Gracie Affiliation, as well as being the Carlson Gracie Academy head coach, situated in Chicago, Illinois.
Born 17th July 1986, in Solano County, California, Clark Gracie spent most of his time growing up between San Fransisco and Rio de Janeiro. Clark is the son of Carley Gracie and the grandson son of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu founder Carlos Gracie Sr.
In addition to being a Gracie member of the family, Clark can also be recognized for being one of many prime middleweight rivals in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Clark Gracie’s most well-known for his submission searching type of grappling, favouring the omoplata as his favourite attack. He also turned a viral meme as ‘The Ridiculously Photogenic Jiu-Jitsu Guy”.
Daniel Gracie Simões
Daniel Simões, more commonly generally known as Daniel ‘Gracie’, was born 28th June 1972 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. While Daniel is just not a Gracie by blood, he’s extremely near his cousins Renzo, Ralph and Ryan Gracie, so Jiu-Jitsu was all the time a presence in his life growing up.
Daniel acquired his BJJ black belt after profitable the World Championships in 1996 at brown belt, the place he would go on to have a particularly profitable BJJ profession, till turning his sights to MMA. In 2002 Daniel determined to fly the Gracie flag to Japan, the place he competed in Delight FC for quite a few years.
Kron is likely one of the most profitable names in the Gracie Family, and with a father like Rickson Gracie, he has a very robust lineage to compete with.
Kron was a fierce competitor even in his teenage years, the place he made a name for himself on the lower belt divisions. He would go on to have an unimaginable profitable streak, profitable 51 of his matches in a row by submission. In 2013 he gained grappling’s most prestigious title, the ADCC.
After an unimaginable grappling profession, Kron would then go to OneFC to start out his MMA career, where he would then transition over to a different MMA organisation, the UFC, which is the place he at present fights.
Born on 4th October 1985, Ralek Gracie as a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu black belt and son of Rorion Gracie. Ralek is the brother to Rener and Ryron Gracie and is usually recognized for establishing the grappling invitational Metamoris, which spawned the fashionable era of submission-only type competitions we see at present.
Ralek is well known for his MMA career, where he has had 4 fights in numerous organisations. Nevertheless, he’s principally recognized for his win over the ‘Gracie Hunter’ Kazushi Sakuraba, at Dream 14.
Born 25th Might 1971, Ralph Gracie, also referred to as ‘pitbull’ is a Fifth-degree Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu black belt. Because the son of Robson Gracie and brother to Renzo, Ralph is most well known for his MMA career, than his grappling document, where he would go 6-1 earlier than finally retiring.
Generally known as the hothead of the household Ralph has been recognized to get into quite of a little bit of hassle with numerous members of the Jiu-Jitsu group, most just lately he was concerned in an altercation with Gracie Barra member Flavio Almeida on the 2018 World NoGi Championships.
Born 1st December 1971, Ryron Gracie (pictured left) is the grandson of BJJ founder Helio Gracie in addition to being the eldest son of Rorion Gracie.
Ryron is usually recognized for being the brother of Rener Gracie and being the face of their YouTube channel “The Gracie Breakdown”, where they might break down in style MMA fights and canopy numerous points akin to educating grappling to regulation enforcement officers. Ryron can also be the founding father of Gracie Academy Torrance, alongside together with his brother.
As a member of the Gracie Family Tree, Rener Gracie was born on 10th November 1983 and is the youthful brother to Rener and Ralek Gracie. Rener is the son of Rorion Gracie and grandson to Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu grandmaster Helio Gracie. Rener is a black belt in BJJ and is the co-creator of the YouTube channel “The Gracie Breakdown” together with his brother Ryron.
Rener is also called the co-creator of Gracie University, a web-based BJJ learning platform which was frowned down upon by the group as well as numerous members of the Gracie family. Rener is the husband to former WWE wrestler Eve Torres.
Born 11th March 1967, Renzo Gracie is a true legend of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and Combined Martial Arts. As a black belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Renzo excelled as knowledgeable grappler, profitable numerous competitions including the ADCC. He is also a prolific Combined Martial Artist and has a report of 14 wins, 7 losses, 1 draw and 1 no contest with wins over names reminiscent of Frank Shamrock, Maurice Smith, and Yuki Kondo.
Renzo is the founder of the Renzo Gracie Academy in NY city, which has been given the nickname “the blue basement” resulting from its location, colour and in addition the excessive calibre rivals it creates, together with instructor John Danaher and the Danaher Demise Squad.
Rodrigo Gracie is a retired MMA fighter and BJJ practitioner, who was born 11th March 1975, Rodrigo is the son of Reylson Gracie and the grandson of Carlos Gracie. Like most of the Gracie family member Rodrigo started training at a younger age, via games, and he was ultimately awarded his black belt on the age of 18.
Rodrigo has labored at numerous Gracie gyms together with, Royce and Renzo Gracie’s, till he ultimately setup his personal fitness center in California. Rodrigo has additionally competed in numerous MMA organisations together with the famous PRIDE FC, the place he was ranked as the top middleweight fighter throughout 2003 and 2004.
Roger Gracie was born on 26th September 1981. As the son of Maurício Gomes and Reila Gracie, Roger is considered by many to be the sport’s biggest competitor, with 14 world championship titles to his identify with 10 achieved at black belt degree.
Roger is among the few names to convey Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu over to the United Kingdom, where he set up his health club in London, England. Roger is the grandson of Carlos Gracie and can also be one of the first to be inducted into the IBJJF Corridor of Fame.
Rolles Gracie, Jr.
Rolles Gracie Jr. is a former UFC fighter and BJJ black belt beneath one of the largest BJJ figures of all time Rolls Gracie Sr. He is a 4th-degree black belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.
Rolles has a combined career in his MMA life, with 8 wins and 4 losses. His most controversial loos coming from his struggle within the UFC, where he lost after 1 minute 31 seconds of the second round, which Renzo Gracie described as “embarrassing”, because of the strain he put on himself.
After his MMA career, Rolles spent a quick interval as knowledgeable wrestler together with Daniel Gracie, where they carried out in Japan underneath New Japan Professional Wrestling.
Brother of Renzo and Ralph Gracie, Ryan was a BJJ black belt underneath Carlos Gracie Junoir and was one of many important representatives of the family in Combined Martial Arts through the 1990s and early 2000s. Ryan was an essential a part of the enlargement of the game to the São Paulo region of Brazil, the place he created and developed an incredibly successful workforce.
Ryan was a polarising figure within the sport, who was recognized for his preventing inside and out of doors of the ring. Ryan would have many altercations within the streets and run-ins with regulation enforcement, which finally result in his dying in December 2007.
Born in Rio de Janeiro Crosley Gracie is a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu black belt, son of Rosley Gracie and grandson of BJJ founder Carlos Gracie Sr.
Crosley began training BJJ in 1988 with Reylson Gracie, his uncle. In 1992 Crosley would go on to train the sport beneath his different uncle Carlson Gracie, the place he would have a profitable competitive profession.